This is a good time to consider investing in private equity firms, a
group that first came to most people’s attention last year when Mitt
Romney was running for president. Romney, as you probably recall, made
much of his fortune running one of the leading private equity firms,
Although they may have a finger in a lot of different pies, private
equity firms’ main business is taking controlling positions in major
companies that have stumbled. They typically install new management with
the goal of reinvigorating the company. When the business reaches their
performance goals, which usually takes several years, they take the
rehabilitated firm public again in an IPO, often realizing a big profit.
Private equity players were especially active in the 2004 – 2007
timeframe, gobbling up companies at a blistering pace.
Then the 2008/2009 economic downdraft cut the value of private equity
holdings to the point where it didn’t make sense to sell them. Instead
they held their holdings, waiting for the right time to sell. For most,
that time arrived relatively recently.
Now, private equity players are bringing many investments they’ve held
since the early 2000s to market, and realizing outsized profits along
the way. Further, this trend is likely to continue for some time.
Three Publicly Traded MLPs
For the most part, only the wealthy can invest in private equity
firms. However, a few are publicly traded. Of those, three are
structured as limited partnerships, not corporations. Although they
trade just like stocks, as partnerships,
they do not pay corporate federal income taxes. As a result,
partnerships generally pay significant dividends (called distributions).
That is important now because those distributions are bound to increase
as these firms convert more and more of their long-held investments to
cash. On the downside, the tax returns for partnerships could be more
complicated than for corporations.
Due to accounting quirks, reported earnings are not a reliable
valuation gauge for private equity firms. It’s better to use book value,
which measures assets minus liabilities, on a per-share basis. Thus,
instead of using the price/earnings ratio to measure valuation, use the
price/ book value ratio, which you can find on Yahoo’s (finance.yahoo.com)
Key Statistics report.
Analyzing private equity firm’s financial reports is a complicated task.
Thus, it’s wise to let the stock
analysts do the heavy lifting. After getting a price quote on Yahoo,
Analyst Opinion. Yahoo organizes the ratings into consensus values
ranging from 1 to 5 where 1 equates to “strong buy”, 3 is “hold,” and 5
means “strong sell.”
With that as background, here are the
three private equity firms organized as limited partnerships.
Blackstone Group (BX)
With a market capitalization (value of shares outstanding) of $12.8
billion, Blackstone is the largest of the three. Besides for private
equity investments, Blackstone own
commercial real estate, and offers financial advisory services to
pension funds, financial institutions, and others. Formerly privately
held, Blackstone went public in June 2007. Its price/book ratio is 2.3,
and its consensus analyst rating (mean recommendations) is 1.9, which
translates to a “moderate buy.”
Private equity firms typically pay
distributions (dividends) that vary from quarter to quarter depending on
each quarter’s earnings. Thus the yields displayed on most websites are
not accurate because they assume that the last announced payout will
continue unchanged for a year. Using analysts’ distribution forecasts
for the next 12-months found on Thomson Reuters Knowledge, a pay site
serving professional money managers, I estimated Blackstone’s
distribution yield at 5.9%.
KKR & Co. (KKR)
Operating since the 1970s, KKR went public in July 2010. With a
market-cap of $5.6 billion, KKR is about half the size of Blackstone.
Not as diversified as Blackstone, KKR focuses mainly on private equity
investments. The price/book ratio is 2.5 and its consensus analyst
rating at 1.9, is the same as for Blackstone. Its estimated distribution
yield is 7.4%.
Carlyle Group (CG)
Founded in 1987, Carlyle only went public in Mary 2012. With a
market-cap of $1.3 billion, Carlyle is not only the newest but also the
small of the three. Similar to Blackstone in diversity, Carlyle’s
businesses include private equity, real estate, infrastructure and
energy resources, distressed corporate opportunities and lending, and
private equity funds of funds. The price/book ratio is lower than
Blackstone and KKR at 1.5, but its analyst rating is 2.4, which is
between “hold” and “moderate buy,” and its estimated distribution yield
Thus, Blackstone and KKR are more in
favor with analysts than Carlyle, but trading at higher valuations.
Also, analysts expect KKR to pay a higher distribution yield than
Blackstone or Carlyle.
I’ve described a “bare bones” analysis
to get you started. If you’re interested, spend time doing your own
research, starting with reading recent news stories about each
candidate. The more you know about your stocks, the better your results.